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Shahi Buildings of India

                                                 Shahi Buildings of India

All the Mughal rulers except Aurangzeb were great builders. With the coming of the Mughals, Indian achitecture was greatly influenced by Persian styles. The Mughals constructed excellent mausoleum , mosques, forts, gardens and cities. The Mughal building show a uniform pattern both in structure and character. There is no doubt that architecture reached the pinnacle of its glory during the period of Shah Jahan. His period witnessed a glorious outburst of activity in the development of architecture.

MAIN FEATURES OF MUGHAL ARCHITECTURE : 

°VARIETY OF BUILDINGS : The Mughal rulers built magnificent gates, forts, mausoleums , mosques, palaces, public buildings and tombs.

°SYNTHESIS OF PERSIAN AND INDIAN STYLE: The specimens of architecture creature under the Mughals have become the common heritage of both the Hindus and Muslims. It is a beautiful blend of Hindu and Muslim architecture.

°DECORATION WITH PRECIOUS ARTICLES: The Mughal emperors in general but Shah Jahan in particular decorated his buildings with precious stones. One of the distinguishing features of the Mughal buildings is their ornamentation as compared with simple buildings of the previous Muslim rulers of India. 

°BUILDING MATERIAL: During the Mughal period, buildings were constructed mostly of red sandstone and white marble.

FAMOUS MUGHAL ARCHITECTURE: 
TAJ MAHAL: The Taj Mahal or the "Crown of Palaces" is an ivory-white marble mausoleum built by Shah Jahan to house the tomb of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan conferred the title of "Amanat Khan" upon him as a reward for his "dazzling virtuosity". 







LAL QILA : Constructed in 1648 by the fifth Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan as the place of his fortified capital Shahjahanabad, the Red Fort is named for its massive enclosing walls of red sandstone. 







FATEHPUR SIKHRI: After Akbar's military victories over Chittor and Ranthambore, Akbar decided to shift his capital from Agra to a new location to honour the Sufi saint, Salim Chishti. 








BIBI KA MAQBARA: It is located in Aurangabad , Maharashtra,India. It was built by Azam Shah,son of Aurangzeb, in memory of his mother Dilras Banu Begum. That is why the name is Bibi ka maqbara, where the meaning of "bibi" is a lady. 


In 1191, the first of many dynasties ruled by Islamic sultans captured Delhi and made it a power base for governing northern India. Hindu buildings reflected nature in both their shapes and decorations, but Islamic artists and architects were prohibited from using images , even though floral decoration was sometimes allowed. Instead they worked in pure geometric designs, reflecting the abstract definition of Allah. 
Great works are performed not by strength but by perseverance! 

By~ 
Sayantani Sengupta

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